Botanical Name: Terminalia bellirica (Gaertn.) Roxb.
Local Name: Bari har
Sindhi Name: Wadi harir
English Name: Belliric muroblan
Parts Used: Fruits
Terminalia bellirica (Gaertn.) Roxb. is a tall tree with ashy bark. Leaves are alternate or fascicled at the end of branches and alternate at both ends. Spikes are axillary and loosely arranged, with pubescent floral axis. Flowers are greenish yellow in color. Fruits are obovoid and covered with minute pale pubescence1.
- bellirica is distributed to Ceylon, Myanmar, India, China, Siam, Malayan peninsula, and Pakistan.
Important chemical compounds from the fruits of T. bellirica are R-sitosterol, gallic acid, ethyle gallate, galloyl glucose, belleric acid, and chebulagic acid8. Glucoside (bellericanin), gallo-tannic acid, lignans (termilignan and thanni lignan), anolignan B10, tannins, ellargic acid, phenyllemblin, and rhamnose were also isolated of this plant7.
Medicinal Uses and Pharmacology/Scientific Studies:
Fruit oil of T. bellirica is applied on hair and rheumatic swelling. Fruit pulp and honey mixed tohether and used in the treatment of ophthalmia. Plant is used as a purgative2,3,5. It has expectorant and laxative2. Fully ripe fruit is used in sore throat, asthma2, diarrhea3,4,5, dyspepsia, cough, upper respiratory tract infection5, and colic6.
Fruit of T. bellirica possessed anticholinergic and Ca (++) antagonist effects6. Other reported pharmacological activities are antimicrobial, antioxidant, antidiarrhoeal, antidiabetic, analgesic, immumomodulatory, antihypertensive, antisolmonella, hepatoprotective, antispasmodic, and bronchodilatory7.
- Flora of Pakistan: http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=5&taxon_id=200014745.